Under the Derg, the enrollment of girls in primary and secondary schools increased from about 32 percent in 1974/75 to 39 percent in 1985/86; the enrollment rate among girls in urban areas far exceeded that of girls in rural areas.As of 2008-2009, there was a steady increase in general enrollment and a decrease in gender disparity in access to education.An improvement in economic conditions would improve the standard of living of women, but lasting change would also require a transformation in the attitudes of government officials and men regarding the roles of women.In urban areas, women have greater access to education, health care and employment outside the home.Employment in production and related areas (such as textiles and food processing) accounted for 25 percent of the female work force, followed by sales, which accounted for about 11 percent.The survey also found that women factory workers in Addis Ababa earned about a quarter of the wages men earned for the same type of work.These differences existed despite a 1975 proclamation stipulating equal pay for equal work for men and women.Following the Ethiopian Revolution, women made some gains in economic and political areas.
This was the highest prevalence of all countries surveyed.
Over 85 percent of Ethiopian women reside in rural areas, where households are engaged primarily in subsistence agriculture.
In the countryside, women are integrated into the rural economy, which is often labor-intensive and exacts a heavy physical toll on all, including children.
There have been several studies concerning women in Ethiopia.
Historically, elite women in Ethiopia have been visible as administrators and warriors.
Workit and Mestayit regents to their minor sons have been held responsible for their provinces.